Thirteen Michigan Central Railroad engineers meet at the
Thirteen Michigan Central Railroad engineers meet at the home of William D. Robinson of Marshall, Michigan, to discuss unjust pay cuts and other workplace grievances. They craft a plan for a Protective Association and put out a call for a general meeting. Engineers from five Michigan railroads gather in Detroit and, on May 8, 1863, form the Brotherhood of the Footboard. The name would change one year later to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, and again in 2004, to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen — the oldest labor organization in North America.